Personalised medicine helps accomplish the goal of more predictable, precise, and strong healthcare for every patient. To put it in simple terms, you cannot expect a child to wear the same size t-shirt as their grandparent. However, when an individual is sick, they get the same medical treatment, even if there are lots of differences. The main purpose for this is simple. Even the world’s most renowned doctors and scientists don’t fully know how diseases develop in human beings and how they respond to treatment.
With that said, this is why a one-size-fits-all drug approach is used centered on large population averages. Here we will dive further into what personalised medicine is and why it’s crucial in day-to-day society.
Understanding Personalised Medicine
Personalised medicine, otherwise known as precision medicine, is the method of adapting medical interventions and decisions to an individual person. Imagine receiving a treatment that has been selected carefully just for you and one that would reduce side effects and ultimately, provide the best possible outcome. This is what doctors and healthcare professionals hope to achieve with personalised medicine.
All human beings are unique. We all have slightly different genetic makeup. There are common risk factors for heart diseases, like cholesterol levels, age, and excess weight. However, our genes impact how much difference these risk factors make from person to person. This means some people will develop circulatory or heart conditions, while others won’t. The same disease will progress differently depending on the person, and people can react completely differently, even with the same treatment. Personalised medicine isn’t just about providing the best drugs. It is also about improving diagnosis and stopping conditions from worsening.
Benefits of Personalised Medicine
For as long as the history books go back, drug use has been seen by many as a last resort. In the 21st century, we normally take medicine for treatment after getting sick. Because we do not fully know the environmental and genetic factors that trigger significant diseases like cancer and diabetes, this is why our attempts to treat such diseases are uncertain, unpredictable, and ineffective.
There are numerous benefits attached to personalised medicine. These include shifting the emphasis in medicine from reaction to prevention and improving disease detection. Other benefits include predicting susceptibility to diseases and providing more effective prescription drug use.
Link Between Medical Practice and Genetics
Connections between hundreds of genes and external factors like diet and exercise determine an individual’s biological characteristics. For instance, hair colour and cholesterol levels. Genetic systems are a very thorough methodology to examine this biological complexity. Geneticists, mathematicians and physicists use potent statistical tools that manage enormous databases used to generate forecasts of how genetic complexity impacts health.
Individuals can learn more about their family health history with the use of next-generation sequencing provided by Source BioScience. Their services can give you a clear insight into ancestry health that can play a huge part in your own health and well-being. By analysing and combining information about our genome, with other diagnostic and clinical information, patterns can be established, which can help in determining our individual risk of developing the disease. It looks like personalised medicine will continue transforming the healthcare industry, and most importantly, provide the best treatment for patients.